About The Book

Writing Scientific Research in Communication Sciences and Disorders is a comprehensive guide to the preparation and publication of research papers for researchers in communication sciences and disorders. Individual chapters address the structure, content, and style of the introduction, method, results, and discussion sections of a research paper. The balance of the text examines the writing process, including the nuts and bolts of preparing tables and graphs, reviewing different voices and grammar issues, editing your own work, working with editors and peer reviewers, and getting started toward becoming a productive writer. Each topic is illustrated with informative examples, with clear, direct, and often humorous discussion of what makes the examples good or bad.

Writing is essential in nearly every profession and particularly in communication sciences and disorders, where researchers must be able to express complex ideas to a variety of audiences–from colleagues to members of health care teams to clients and family members. Therefore, competency in written expression is required for certification and entry into clinical practice in communication sciences and disorders.

Writing Scientific Research in Communication Sciences and Disorders will be a valuable supplementary text for undergraduate and graduate students in courses that include writing assignments and critical assessment of research literature, such as research methods and evidence-based clinical methods courses, as well as in thesis and dissertation preparation. Researchers looking for a guide to help improve their own writing will also find this text to be an invaluable resource that answers the big and little questions that arise in preparing manuscripts.

About The Authors

Robert H. Brookshire, PhD, CCC-SLP, F-ASHA, was the director of the Speech Pathology Section at the Minneapolis VA Medical Center and a professor in the Communication Disorders Department at the University of Minnesota. He loved working with students, teaching undergraduate and graduate courses, and guiding students through their graduate research. Dr. Brookshire’s textbook, Introduction to Neurogenic Communication Disorders, first published in 1970, has been the most widely used textbook in this field for almost 30 years. Writing was one of his primary interests and he enjoyed training his many graduate students in the art of clear, concise writing. He also served as associate editor for several professional journals, reviewed innumerable research articles, and was editor of the Clinical Aphasiology Conference Proceedings (1975-1987). Dr. Brookshire received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Academy of Neurologic Communication Disorders and Sciences in 1993. He and his wife, Linda Nicholas, worked together conducting and publishing grant-supported aphasia research for twenty years before their retirement in 1997.

Shelley B. Brundage, PhD, CCC-SLP, BCS-F, is professor and chair in the Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences at George Washington University in Washington, DC. Her research focuses on the use of virtual reality in stuttering assessment and treatment as well as using technology to improve clinical learning. Dr. Brundage is a Fellow of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. In 2015, she received the Knowledge Development and Innovation Award by the International Fluency Association and in 2017 was recognized with the Alumni of Notable Achievement Award by the University of Minnesota. She is gratified to be a part of the Handbook, particularly given that Nan Ratner was the person who first got her interested in stuttering.

Table Of Contents

Foreword by Joseph R. Duffy, PhD, BC-ANCDS
Preface
Acknowledgments

Chapter 1. Writing and Learning Are Complementary Activities

What the Research Says About Writing and Learning
Purpose of This Book
References

Chapter 2. The Introduction

Setting the Scene
Reviewing the Literature
Stating the Purpose
Summary: How to Write the Introduction
Keeping Readers With You
Guidelines for Writing the Introduction
References

Chapter 3. The Method

Organization of the Method Section
Participants
Materials
Apparatus
Procedures
Design
Data Collection (Data Acquisition)
Reliability
Statistical Analysis
Style
Guidelines for Writing the Method

Chapter 4. The Results

Commonly Used Statistics in Communication Sciences and Disorders
Special Cases
How to Report Statistics
Writing the Results Section
Guidelines for Writing the Results
References

Chapter 5. Constructing Data Tables

Elements of Data Tables
A Checklist for Evaluating Tables
References

Chapter 6. Constructing Data Graphs

Graph Types
Axis Titles, Scale Labels, and Legends
General Principles for Constructing Data Graphs
A Checklist for Constructing Graphs
Reference

Chapter 7. The Discussion

How to Begin the Discussion Section
How to Organize the Discussion
How and When to Use Headings to Enhance Readability
Combined Results and Discussion Sections
How to Close the Discussion
Conclusions
Hedging Language
Guidelines for Writing the Discussion
Reference

Chapter 8. The Title

Title Format
Length of Titles
Syntax
Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Technical Terms in Titles
Key Words
Running Titles
Guidelines for Writing the Title
References

Chapter 9. The Abstract

Kinds of Abstracts
Suggestions for Writing Abstracts
Guidelines for Writing Abstracts
References

Chapter 10. Literature Reviews

Searching the Literature
Definitions of Review Articles
Conventional and Systematic Reviews
Structure of Review Articles
Content of Review Articles
References

Chapter 11. Content Editing

Moving From the Writer’s Mind to the Editor’s Mind
Review
Markup
Revision
Guidelines for Content Editing
Reference

Chapter 12. Copy Editing

Removing Clutter
Modifiers
Pronouns
Infinitives: To Split or Not to Split
Editing Verb Tense
Word Choice and Precision
Punctuation
References

Chapter 13. Getting Published

The Changing Face of Publication
Issues to Consider When Choosing a Journal
The Submission and Review Process
The Final Stretch: Preparing the Manuscript for Publication
Helping Search Engines Find and Index Your Work
Publication Ethics
Final Thoughts
References

Chapter 14. The Writing Process

Resources for Getting Started and Keeping Going
Suggestions for Making the Writing Process More Efficient
Writing Resources for Teachers and Students
Guidelines for the Writing Process
References

Index

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